Former Homo is site for ex gay person, we are indivisuals who have left the Gay lifestlye. I was a lesbian for over 10 years I am now straight. I am not A Christian but a Buddhist. I say that becuse most people think I was a right wing christian, but I am not I am not even very religous. This is my story and I wish to share more with you.

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Location: Boston, Mass, United States

Tuesday, August 10, 2004

Dr. Spitzer SUDY

Spitzer Study Just Published:
Evidence Found for Effectiveness of Reorientation Therapy
By Roy Waller and Linda A. Nicolosi

The results of a study conducted by Dr. Robert L. Spitzer have just been
published in the Archives of Sexual Behavior, Vol. 32, No. 5, October
2003, pp. 403-417.

Spitzer's findings challenge the widely-held assumption that a
homosexual orientation is "who one is" -- an intrinsic part of a
person's identity that can never be changed.

The study has attracted particularly attention because its author, a
prominent psychiatrist, is viewed as a historic champion of gay
activism. Spitzer played a pivotal role in 1973 in removing
homosexuality from the psychiatric manual of mental disorders.

Testing the hypothesis that a predominantly homosexual orientation will,
in some individuals, respond to therapy were some 200 respondents of
both genders (143 males, 57 females) who reported changes from
homosexual to heterosexual orientation lasting 5 years or more. The
study's structured telephone interviews assessed a number of aspects
same-sex attraction, with the year prior to the interview used as the
comparative base.

In order to be accepted into the 16-month study, the 247 original
responders had to meet two criteria. First, they had to have had a
predominantly homosexual attraction for many years, including the year
before starting therapy (at least 60 on a scale of sexual attraction,
with 0 as exclusively heterosexual and 100 exclusively homosexual).
Second, after therapy they had to have experienced a change of no less
than 10 points, lasting at least 5 years, toward the heterosexual end of
the scale of sexual attraction.

Although examples of "complete" change in orientation were not common,
the majority of participants did report change from a predominantly or
exclusively homosexual orientation before therapy to a predominantly or
exclusively heterosexual orientation in the past year as a result of
reparative therapy.

These results would seem to contradict the position statements of the
major mental health organizations in the United States, which claim
there is no scientific basis for believing psychotherapy effective in
addressing same-sex attraction. Yet Spitzer reports evidence of change
in both sexes, although female participants reported significantly more
change than did male participants.

The statistical and demographic details of the respondents include the

The study did not seek a random sample of reorientation therapy clients;
the subjects chosen were volunteers.

Average ages: men, 42, women, 44.

Marital status at time of interview: 76% men were married as were 47% of
the female respondents. 21% of the males and 18% of the females were
married before beginning therapy.

95% were Caucasian and 76% were college graduates.

84% resided in the United States, the remaining 16% lived in Europe.

97% were of a Christian background, 3% were Jewish, with an overwhelming
93% of all participants stating that religion was either "extremely" or
"very" important in their lives.

19% of the participants were mental health professionals or directors of
ex-gay ministries.

41% reported that they had, at some time prior to the therapy, been
"openly gay." Over a third of the participants (males 37%, females 35%)
reported that at one time, they had had seriously contemplated suicide
due to dissatisfaction with their unwanted attractions. 78% had publicly
spoken in favor of efforts to change homosexual orientation.
Employing a 45-minute telephone interview of 114 closed end questions,
each requiring either a yes/no answer or calling for a scaled rating of
between 1 and 10, Spitzer's study focused on the following areas: sexual
attraction, sexual self-identification, severity of discomfort with
homosexual feelings, frequency of gay sexual activity, frequency of
desiring a same-sex romantic relationship, frequency of daydreaming of
or desiring homosexual activity, percentage of masturbation episodes
featuring homosexual fantasies, percentage of such episodes with
heterosexual fantasizing, and frequency of exposure to
homosexually-oriented pornographic materials.
In addition, participants were asked to react to a series of possible
reasons for desiring change from homosexual orientation to
heterosexuality as well as being asked to assess their marital

Some of the findings of the Spitzer study, particularly regarding
motivations for change, included:

The majority of respondents (85% male, 70% female) did not find the
homosexual lifestyle to be emotionally satisfying. 79% of both genders
said homosexuality conflicted with their religious beliefs, with 67% of
men and 35% of women stated that gay life was an obstacle to their
desires either to marry or remain married.

Although all of the participants had been sexually attracted to members
of the same sex, a certain percentage (males 13%, females 4%) had never
actually experienced consensual homosexual sex. More of the male
respondents (34%) than females (2%) had engaged in homosexual sex with
more than 50 different partners during their lifetime. Further, more of
the men than women (53% to 33%) had never engaged in consensual
heterosexual sex before the therapy effort.

Dr. Spitzer said the data collected showed that, following therapy, many
of the participants experienced a marked increase in both the frequency
and satisfaction of heterosexual activity, while those in marital
relationships noted more emotional fulfillment between their spouses and
As for completely reorienting from homosexual to heterosexual, most
respondents indicated that they still occasionally struggled with
unwanted attractions--in fact, only 11% of the men and 37% of the women
reported complete change. Nevertheless this study, Spitzer concludes,
"clearly goes beyond anecdotal information and provides evidence that
reparative therapy is sometimes successful."
Spitzer acknowledges the difficulty of assessing how many gay men and
women in the general population would actually desire reparative therapy
if they knew of its availability; many people, he notes, are evidently
content with a gay identity and have no desire to change.

Is reorientation therapy harmful? For the participants in our study,
Spitzer notes, there was no evidence of harm. "To the contrary," he
says, "they reported that it was helpful in a variety of ways beyond
changing sexual orientation itself." And because his study found
considerable benefit and no harm, Spitzer said, the American Psychiatric
Association should stop applying a double standard in its discouragement
of reorientation therapy, while actively encouraging gay-affirmative
therapy to confirm and solidify a gay identity.

Furthermore, Spitzer wrote in his conclusion, "the mental health
professionals should stop moving in the direction of banning therapy
that has, as a goal, a change in sexual orientation. Many patients,
provided with informed consent about the possibility that they will be
disappointed if the therapy does not succeed, can make a rational choice
to work toward developing their heterosexual potential and minimizing
their unwanted homosexual attractions."

Is reorientation therapy chosen only by clients who are driven by
guilt--that is, what's popularly known as "homophobia"? To the contrary,
Spitzer concludes. In fact, "the ability to make such a choice should be
considered fundamental to client autonomy and self-determination."

Copyright © NARTH. All Rights Reserved.


Some Clarifications about the Psychological Association's Resolution on Reparative Therapy
The American Psychological Association's (APA) recent statement on reparative therapy has been the subject of much controversy. Some commentators consider it a serious rebuke. Others say it should not be taken so seriously.

Brent Scharman, Ph.D., president of the Utah Psychological Association, spoke to two of the American Psychological Association's leaders while at the State Leadership Conference in Washington, D.C., in March of this year.

Reading those leaders' comments, we note that--in spite of some public impressions to the contrary--reparative therapy is still considered to be a valid therapeutic option.

Dr. Scharman reports in The Utah Psychologist (Winter 1998, p. 11):

"Dr. Martin Seligman, this year's APA president, said that he felt the media had misunderstood the intent of the statement. He felt a client had a right to request the type of therapy that he or she wants and receive it. He said his reading of the literature, as stated in his book, What You Can Change And What You Can't, was that those who have had fewer homosexual experiences, or who have bisexual feelings, would be most likely to successfully change and those who have had more long term, ingrained homosexual feelings and activity, would be less likely to change.

"Dr. Ray Fowler, APA Chief Executive Officer, said he had received many telephone calls and letters on this topic. He seemed to feel that people need to re-read the statement, and that individual choice, whatever it is, must be respected. If an individual is comfortable with his or her homosexuality, it is not the role of the therapist to convince the client otherwise. If one's feelings are ego-dystonic and there is a desire to talk about changing, that is an acceptable choice and a psychologist may participate if he or she desires.

"Both authorities made positive comments about client self-determination (i.e., the right of a consumer to determine the goal and content of psychotherapy). Their statements were clear, precise, rational and reasonable. Clients have a right to make choices for their own lives, including the choice about what to request from therapy. Therapists, of course, have an obligation to inform clients about their own professional perspectives, and the therapy should be based on understanding all sides of an issue."

Copyright © NARTH. All Rights Reserved.


Former APA President Rebukes Psychology For Suppressing Reorientation Therapy

At the 2001 Annual Conference of the American Psychological Association (APA), past presidents of the APA offered their recommendations for change in the profession. One, Dr. Robert Perloff, denounced APA policy against reparative therapy. According to the official APA Monitor on Psychology (December 2001), Dr. Perloff, 1985 APA President, said of sexual reorientation therapy: "It is considered unethical...That's all wrong. First, the data are not fully in yet. Second, if the client wants a change, listen to the client. Third, you're barring research."

Dr. Perloff, now with the University of Pittsburgh, charged that the APA is "too politically correct, too bureaucratic, too obeisant to special interests." The APA’s Society for the Psychological Study of Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Issues has consistently lobbied against the right of homosexuals and lesbians to receive treatment for unwanted same sex attractions, or to even study the viability of sexual reorientation therapy.

Dr. Robert Perloff is the 2000 recipient of the American Psychological Foundation's Gold

Medal Award for Life Achievement in Psychology in the Public Interest.


I think that it's horrible that there are actually groups out there that protest change. This is just another obstacle that people, like myself, that are trying to change have to overcome. I can see if someone is completely happy with their gay lifestyle and show no interest whatsoever on changing that they simply not try to change. It absolutely pisses me off that they are also brainwashing people that want to change into believing that they can't. It's absolutely absurd and selfish!

I can't even search the web for info about change without being bombarded from websites of anti-ex-gay activists saying bad things about trying to change. Although now, It goes in one ear and out the other with a roll of my eyes, I remember a point in time where I was torn apart because one gay therapist said that change is ridiculous and anyone disagreeing is only "fake" and lying to themselves, and an ex-gay therapist saying "don't give up". It is because of this that I think it is sooo hard to initiate change. These people should just mind there own damn business and allow people to seek happiness. I think they do it because they are unhappy with their own lives and don't want anyone with their same condition to succeed in ACTUALLY finding REAL happiness. I'm sorry for whoever this might offend, but I just had to vent. I'm tired of it already.



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